Runkel is a town on the Lahn River in Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany.
The town’s initially documentary point out came in 1159 in an enfeoffment doc in which a nobleman named Siegfried von Runkel experienced his title look as a witness. It is thought that this Siegfried was the a person who constructed Runkel Castle.
In 1191 Siegfried married a countess of Katzenelnbogen. This substantial noble loved ones compelled Dietrich of Runkel to open his castles Runkel and Dehrn. No afterwards than 1230, the castle experienced a chapel, therefore giving Runkel its initially church making. In 1288, right after years of loved ones disputes, the Lords of Runkel and those people of Westerburg sundered into two traces. In 1440, making get the job done started on the Lahn bridge, but owing to the rift between the Runkels and the Westerburgs, the get the job done took until finally 1448. In 1447 Count Philipp of Katzenelnbogen was the liege lord.
In 1543, Count Johann IV of Wied experienced Philipp Melanchthon as a guest at Runkel Castle. In 1568, the Reformation was released. In 1622, there was still a different loved ones rift when Count Hermann II at Wied drove his youthful brother Philipp Ludwig out of the management and in fact from the castle. In 1634, the town and the castle have been mostly destroyed by Count Johann Ludwig Hektor von Isolani’s troops in the 30 Years’ War. In 1649, the castle’s dwelling buildings have been newly constructed as a residential castle.
In the early 18th century, continued French invasions combined with a record cold winter led several persons from the Palatinate, including Runkel an Lahn, to emigrate down the Rhine River, then to England in 1709. There have been so several refugees from the German Palatine area that the English govt established up a tent metropolis for the winter exterior the London partitions. In 1710 ten English ships carried virtually 3,000 Germans to the colony of New York. The persons labored off their passage in camps on the Hudson River. In 1723 and afterwards they have been lastly permitted to purchase land in New York’s Mohawk Valley, where they set up cities these as German Flatts and Palatine Bridge, New York.
In 1791, Friedrich Ludwig, the last of the Wied-Runkel line, was designed a prince. In 1796, preventing in Runkel’s streets broke out as troops of the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt drove French groundbreaking occupying soldiers out of town.
In 1806, the Runkel holdings on the Lahn’s correct financial institution, and therefore the portion of the town of Runkel lying there, passed to the Duchy of Berg. In 1824, the Wied-Runkel line died out with Prince Friedrich Ludwig’s loss of life, placing the lordly area, alongside with the town of Runkel, in Wied-Neuwied’s hands.
Winegrowing is known to have been practised in Runkel by 1270. In 1929, nonetheless, it was supplied up right after the phylloxera infestation and a cold winter. In the stop, the vinicultural region amounted to 35 hectares.
In 1860, the initially financial savings and bank loan association (Sparkasse) in Runkel was launched under the title Vorschuss-Verein (“Credit Club”). Because 1914 there has been a central water provide in the town.
In the course of administrative reform in Hesse, the formerly autonomous communities of Steeden, Ennerich and Schadeck merged on one December 1970, as did also Arfurt, Eschenau, Hofen and Wirbelau on 31 December 1970, with the town of Runkel. The local community of Dehrn was only amalgamated on one July 1974 by condition law.
The outlying centre with the earliest documentary point out is Ennerich, which can confirm its existence in 790.