Runkel is a town on the Lahn River in Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany.
The town’s very first documentary point out came in 1159 in an enfeoffment document in which a nobleman named Siegfried von Runkel had his identify show up as a witness. It is considered that this Siegfried was the 1 who developed Runkel Castle.
In 1191 Siegfried married a countess of Katzenelnbogen. This significant noble household compelled Dietrich of Runkel to open his castles Runkel and Dehrn. No afterwards than 1230, the castle had a chapel, therefore providing Runkel its very first church creating. In 1288, just after a long time of household disputes, the Lords of Runkel and all those of Westerburg sundered into two traces. In 1440, creating do the job commenced on the Lahn bridge, but owing to the rift involving the Runkels and the Westerburgs, the do the job took until eventually 1448. In 1447 Depend Philipp of Katzenelnbogen was the liege lord.
In 1543, Depend Johann IV of Wied had Philipp Melanchthon as a visitor at Runkel Castle. In 1568, the Reformation was launched. In 1622, there was still a different household rift when Depend Hermann II at Wied drove his younger brother Philipp Ludwig out of the management and certainly from the castle. In 1634, the town and the castle were mainly ruined by Depend Johann Ludwig Hektor von Isolani’s troops in the Thirty Years’ War. In 1649, the castle’s dwelling structures were newly developed as a household castle.
In the early 18th century, ongoing French invasions mixed with a document chilly wintertime led a lot of individuals from the Palatinate, such as Runkel an Lahn, to emigrate down the Rhine River, then to England in 1709. There were so a lot of refugees from the German Palatine area that the English federal government set up a tent metropolis for the wintertime outside the London partitions. In 1710 ten English ships carried approximately three,000 Germans to the colony of New York. The individuals worked off their passage in camps on the Hudson River. In 1723 and afterwards they were eventually authorized to purchase land in New York’s Mohawk Valley, exactly where they recognized towns this kind of as German Flatts and Palatine Bridge, New York.
In 1791, Friedrich Ludwig, the past of the Wied-Runkel line, was manufactured a prince. In 1796, battling in Runkel’s streets broke out as troops of the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt drove French innovative occupying troopers out of town.
In 1806, the Runkel holdings on the Lahn’s proper financial institution, and therefore the aspect of the town of Runkel lying there, passed to the Duchy of Berg. In 1824, the Wied-Runkel line died out with Prince Friedrich Ludwig’s loss of life, placing the lordly area, along with the town of Runkel, in Wied-Neuwied’s hands.
Winegrowing is recognized to have been practised in Runkel by 1270. In 1929, however, it was specified up just after the phylloxera infestation and a chilly wintertime. In the stop, the vinicultural spot amounted to 35 hectares.
In 1860, the very first financial savings and bank loan affiliation (Sparkasse) in Runkel was established beneath the identify Vorschuss-Verein (“Credit Club”). Considering that 1914 there has been a central drinking water source in the town.
In the study course of administrative reform in Hesse, the previously autonomous communities of Steeden, Ennerich and Schadeck merged on one December 1970, as did similarly Arfurt, Eschenau, Hofen and Wirbelau on 31 December 1970, with the town of Runkel. The community of Dehrn was only amalgamated on one July 1974 by point out legislation.
The outlying centre with the earliest documentary point out is Ennerich, which can establish its existence in 790.